One Liner (24/05/2019)
Published on May 24, 2019, 1:29 p.m.

1. MC cause of diarrhoea in AIDS ? Cryptosporodium

2. MC cause of meningitis in AIDS ? Cryptococcus

3. MC cause of infantile diarrhea ? Rotavirus

4. Micro-organism which require sterol for growth ?  Mycoplasma

5. Both intracytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusion bodies are seen in ? Measles

6. Endoscopes are best sterilized by ?  2% Glutaraldehyde/ Cidex

7. Phenol coefficient indicates ? Efficacy of a disinfectant

8. Immunoglobulin involved in anaphylaxis ? igE

9. Earliest Ig synthesized by fetus in response to infection ? igM

10. VR media is used for ? Vibrio cholerae

11. LJ medium is used for culturing ? Mycobacteriumm tuberculosis

12. Culture media used for corynebacterium diphtheria ? Loefller serum slope, Tellurite medium

13. Organism having no cell wall, bounded by membrane containing sterols ? Mycoplasma

14. Paul Bunnel test is done for ? Infectious mononucleosis

15. Example of yeast like fungi ? Candida

16. Southern blot test is done for ? DNA

17. Significant bacteriuria is present if bacterial count in urine is ? 105

18. MC cause of gas gangrene ? Clostridium perfringenes

19. Organism seen in dark ground microscopy ? Spirochaetes

20. Secretory immunoglobulin ? IgA

21. Contact dermatitis is type ? IV hypersensitivity reaction

22. Travellers diarrhoea is caused by ? ETEC

23. MC cause of acute bacterial endocarditis ? Staphylococcus aureus

24. Most immunogenic antigen in typhoid ? H antigen

25. VDRL is a type of ? Slide flocculation test

26. Burkitts lymphoma is caused by ? Epstein Barr virus

27. Schik’s test is type ? I Hypersensitivity reaction

28. Immunoglobulin mediating secondary response ? igG

29. Process of coating of pathogen for efficient phagocytosis is known as ? Opsonization

30. Immunoglobulin present in breast milk ? IgA

31. Immunoglobulin produced after primary immunization ? IgG

32. Immunoglobulin that provides natural passive immunity to newborn ? IgG

33. Transfusion reactions are type ? II hypersensitivity reaction

34. Mantoux test is type ? IV hypersensitivity reaction

35. Dorset egg medium is used for ? Mycobacterium

36. Draughtsman colonies are seen in culture of ? Pneumococcus

37. Tryptophan is an important growth factor for ? Salmonella

38. Virulence of mycobacterium TB depends on ? Cord factor

39. Bacteria, which is known as Eaton agent ? Mycoplasma

40. Metachromatic staining is a feature of ? Corynebacterium diphtheriae

41. Cholera red reaction and Indole formation is shown by ? Vibrio cholerae

42. Motility shown by proteus ? Swarming

43. Typical feature of botulinism ? Symmetric descending paralysis

44. Factor responsible for acid fastness of mycobacterium TB ? Mycolic acid in cell wall

45. Leptospirosis is transmitted by ? Rat urine

46. Sulfur granules in actinomycosis consist of ? Organism

47. Q fever is caused by ? Coxiella burnetti

48. Swine flu was due to ? H1N1 strain

49. Negri bodies are seen in ? Nerve cells

50. Retroviral sequence of HIV virus in host cell ? RNA-DNA-RNA

51. Method of bacterial gene transfer with the involvement of a virus ? Transduction

52. Gram negative anaerobic bacteria uses which method of gene transfer ? Conjugation

53. Enterobius vermicularis commonly resides in which part of GIT ? Appendix and Caecum

54. Molluscum contagiosum is caused by ? Poxvirus

55. Cetrimide agar is used for isolation of which bacteria from feces ? Pseudomonas

56. Oka strain is used for vaccine against ? Varicella

57. A person ate some milk products in a party and presented with vomiting within 6 hours of consumption. Organism responsible ? Staphylococcus

58. Immunoglobulin present in bronchial secretion ?  IgA

59. MC cause of common cold/ coryza ? Rhinovirus

60. Duffy antigen is present in which plasmodia ? Vivax

1.    URINE, FAECESNormal urine volume in adult? 600 to 2000 ml

 2.    Urine volume more than 2000 ml/24 hours? Polyuria

 3.    Some causes of polyuria? Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes insipidusHyperparathyroidism Diuretic     phase of ATN

 4.    Some causes of oliguria? Dehydration, Shock, Obstruction, Ac.Glomerulonephritis

 5.    Most of the solute in urine is? Urea and NaCI

 6.    Normal specific gravity in adults? 1.016 to 1.022

 7.    Methods for urine specific gravity measurement? Refractometer

 8.    Methods for urine specific gravity measurement?Hydrometer

 9.    Methods for urine specific gravity measurement?Reagent strip

10.    Some conditions for raised specific gravity? Glycosuria, Albuminuria, Oliguria, Hematuria

11.    Normal adult urinary pH? 4.6 to 8

12.    Yellow color of urine is mainly due to? Pigment urochrome and small amounts of urobilinsand uroerythrin

13.    Red or red brown urine is seen in? Hematuria, hemoglobinuria, methhemoglobinuriasome porphyrias, drugs e.g. paraflex, Desferal

14.    Yellow brown or green brown urine? Bile pigments, drugs

15.    Dark green urine in? Obstructive jaundice

16.    Orange-red colored urine? Urinary analgesics (phenazopyridines, rifampicin)

17.    Dark brown or black urine? Alkaptonuria (homogentesic acid) and melanin,levodopa

18.    Burgundy red colour urine? Porphyrias

19.    Blue coloured urine? Methylene blue ingestion

20.    Turbid urine that does not clear on heating maybe due to? Hematuria, ? epithelial cells, spermatozoa andprostatic fluid

21.    Lipiduria (neutral fats, i.e. triglycerides andcholesterol)?Nephrotic syndrome, Fractures of major bones

22.    Chyluria may be due to? Filariasis, abdominal lymphadenopathy and sometumors

23.    Nitrogenous substances in urine? Urea uric acid, creatinine, amino acids, ammonia,traces of proteins, glycoproteins, enzymes, purines

24.    Hormones normally found in urine? Ketosteroids, estrogen, aldosterone, pituitarygonadotropes, catecholamines and serotoninmetabolites

25.    Recent advances in chemical examination of urineis use of?Reagent strips

26.    DIAGNOSTIC CARDIOLOGY Normal left ventricular ejection fraction? 0.5 to 0.8

27.    DIAGNOSTIC CARDIOLOGY Swan Ganz catheter is used to measure? Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure

28.    DIAGNOSTIC CARDIOLOGY Normal pulse pressure is? 40 mmHg

29.    DIAGNOSTIC CARDIOLOGY Rail road track calcification in X-ray in arteries is seen in? Monckeberg’sarterio sclerosis

30.    DIAGNOSTIC CARDIOLOGY ‘String of beads’ appearance in angiography is seen in? Fibromuscular dysplasia

31.    ECG Saw tooth waves (most prominent in inferior leads) on ECG are seen in? Atrial flutter

32.    ECG Wenkebach’s phenomenon occurs in? Mobitz type I second-degree heart block

33.    ECGdegree heart blockoften associated withincreased QRS duration? Mobitz type-II heartblock

34.    ECGProlonged HV interval (>100ms)? Infra-Hisal block

35.    ECGDouble ‘P’ waves in ECGare seen in patients with? Heart transplant

36.    ECGAV nodal conduction isaffected in following MI? Inferior wall

37.    ECGMobitz type II heart block isgenerally due to? Disease of the His-Purkinje system

38.    Types of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) include Primary PCI? Performed in AMI without preceeding fibrinolysis

39.    Facilitated PCI? GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors plus half the regular dose of fibrinolytics

40.    Rescue PCI? Done when medical reperfusion fails

41.    Elective PCI? Done on development of recurrent-ischemia

42.    GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors include? Abciximab Eptifibatide Tirofiban

43.    ECG manifestations of posterior wall AMI? Reciprocal ST depression in V1-3 Tall R in V1-3

44.    Acute reperfusion therapy is useful in? STEMI (not in NSTEMI)

45.    Myocardial infarction (MI) consists of the following three stages? (1) Acute (first few hours to 7 days), (2) Healing (7 to 28 days), and (3) Healed (29 days and beyond)

46.    Positive treadmill test is defined as?  Flat ST depression > 0.1 mm below baseline i.e. PR segment, lasting for >0.08 sec

? Within 4-8 hours after onset of MI and returns to normal by 48 to 72 hours

47.    In MI creatine kinase level-Blockers are contraindicated in acute coronary syndrome with? A-V Block (IIͦ/IIIͦ), HR

     <60 mm, CCF

49.    Chest discomfort occurs at rest in? Variant Prinzmetal’s angina and unstable angina

50.    Most vulnerable area to IHD is? Subendocardium of left ventricle

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