One Liner (23/05/2019)
Published on May 24, 2019, 1:17 p.m.

91. Inheritance of hereditary spherocytosis ? Autosomal dominant

92. Menetrier’s disease is also known as ?  Chronic hypertrophic gastritis

93. Dysplasia is characterised by ? Loss of polarity

94. Electron microscopic feature of post-streptococcal glomeulonephritis ? Presence of sub-epithelial humps

95. Tram track appearance is seen in which glomerulopathy ? MPGN-type II

96. Microscopic feature of Wilson disease ? Mallory hyaline bodies

97. Which trace metal can be used in management of AML ? Arsenic

98. What process takes place in S-phase of cell-cycle ? DNA synthesis

99. Large flocculent densities in mitochondria is seen in ? Irreversible injuries

100. Bel is an ? Anti-apoptotic factor

101. Testicular contour may be distorted in which class of testicular tumours ? Non-seminomatous germ cell tumour

102. In myocardial infarction, what microscopic feature is noticed at the earliest ? Waviness and stretching of fibers

103. MC type of lung carcinoma ? Adenocarcinoma

104. Function of large granular cells ? First line of defense in viral infections

105. Most common primary heart cancer ? Myxoma (left atrium)

106. Denatured hemoglobin leads to formation of which bodies ? Heinz bodies

107. Bite cells are seen in ? G-6PD deficiency

108. CD19 is a marker for which cells ? B-cells

109. CD4 provides attachment to which MHC antigen ? Class II MHC antigen

110. Pneumoconiosis plus rheumatoid arthritis is which syndrome ? Caplan’s syndrome

111. Congo red staining is done for ? Amyloidosis

112. Which gene is located on chromosome 17q21 ? BRCA1

113. Type IV hypersensitivity reaction involves which type of cells ? CD4+ T-helper1 cells

114. Which type of granuloma is seen in Cat scratch disease ? Stellate shaped granuloma

115. Most common type of tumours of brain ? Secondaries/ metastasis

116. Microscopic feature of portal hypertension ? Gamna Gandy bodies

117. Dubin-Johnson syndrome presents as ? Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia

118. Factor XI deficiency leads to ? Rosenthal syndrome

119. Christmas disease is due to deficiency of ?  Factor IX

120. Delayed T-cell mediated (and not an antibody mediated reaction) ? Type IV hypersensitivity reaction

121. Most common cancer in middle mediastinum ? Cysts, lymphoma

122. Ankylosing spondylitis is associated with which ? HLA HLA-B27

123. Most common endocrine tumour of pancreas ? Insulinoma

124. Adeno-lymphoma is also known as ? Warthin’s tumour

125. Which process leads to the formation of Councilman bodies ? Apoptosis

126. Parvovirus B-19 can result in which type of anemia ? Aplastic

127. Erythema infectiosum is caused by ? Parvovirus B-19

128. Type of ulcers in Crohn’s disease ? Serpiginous ulcers

129. Microscopic feature of RAPIDLY PROGRESSIVE glomerulonephritis ? Crescnt formation

130. Creola bodies are seen in sputum of ? Asthma patients

1. Vagus supplies transverse colon upto? Proximal 2/3rd

2. Nerve supply of distal 1/3rd of the transverse colon is from? Pelvic parasympathetic nerves

3. Taenia coli in large intestine is found everywhere except in? Appendix, rectum     

4. The primary function of large intestine? Absorption of water and electrolytes

5. The weakest points on the wall of colon? Where the blood vessels pierce the muscle

6. Diverticulosis of colon is common at? Points where circular muscle is weak

7. Bloodless fold of Treves is? Ileocecal fold

8. PANCREAS AND SPLEEN Accessory pancreatic duct if present opens into duodenum? At the minor duodenal papilla – 2 cm proximal to the major papilla.

9. Annular pancreas results due to faulty fusion of? Ventral bud with dorsal bud

10. Pseudocysts of pancreas are due to accumulation of fluid in? Lesser sac

11. Long axis of spleen corresponds to? 10th rib

12. Largest lymphoid tissue in body is? Spleen

13. Number of short gastric braches of splenic artery? 5 – 6

14. Main pancreatic duct? Duct of Wirsung

15. Accessory pancreatic duct? Duct of Santorini

16. The structures in hilum of kidney from front to backwards? Renal vein, 2 branches of renal artery, renal pelvis, 3rd branch of renal artery

17. Number of segmental arteries of renal artery? 5

18. Each lobar artery of kidney divides into? 2 arcuate arteries

19. The afferents from kidney enter the spinal cord at segments? T10 and T12

20. Commonest cause of Cushing’s syndrome? Suprarenal cortical hyperplasia

21. Kidney develops first as a? Pelvic organ

22. Supernumerary renal arteries may produce? Hydronephrosis by compressing ureter

23. Ascent of horse shoe kidney is prevented by? Inferior mesenteric artery

24. Testicular artery is a branch of abdominal aorta at the level of? 2nd lumbar vertebra

25. Testis reaches its final position in the scrotum by? End of eighth month

26. Varicocele of testis is more common? On the left side

27. The length of epididymis is nearly? 6M (20 ft)

28. Artery to vas deferens is a branch of? Inferior vesical artery

29. Psoas muscle takes origin from bodies of? T12 – L5 vertebrae

30. The lumbar plexus lies within? Psoas muscle

31. Nerves emerging form the lateral border of psoas muscle are? Iliohypogastric, ilioinguinal, lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh, femoral

32. Nerves emerging from the medial border of psoas muscle? Obturator nerve, root of L4

33. Genitofemoral nerve emerges from? Anterior surface, adjacent to medial border

34. Ilio lumbar ligament is a part of? Fascia covering quadratus lumborum

35. Main band of union between lumbar spine and pelvis? Iliolumbar ligaments

36. The terminal branches of abdominal aorta are? Common iliac arteries

37. The lateral visceral branches Kruti Dev 345of abdominal aorta are? Suprarenal artery, renal artery, testicular or ovarian artery

38. The number of lumbar arteries given by abdominal aorta? 4

39. The anterior visceral tributaries of inferior vena cava are? Hepatic veins

40. Lumbar plexus is formed by the? T12 and upper four lumbar nerves

41. Lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh enters thigh behind? Lateral end of inguinal ligament

42. Ventral branches of abdominal aorta? Coeliac, superior & inferior mesenteric

43. Aorta bifurcates at? L4

44. IVC is formed at? L5

45. Dorsal branches of abdominal aorta? 5 (4 lumbar, 1 median sacral)

46. Root value of obturator nerve is? L2, 3, 4

47. Structures with length of 45 cm are? Adult femur, Umbilical cord,Thoracic duct Spinal cord,Vas deferens, Transverse colon Sigmoid colon

48. Diagnostic radiological view for spondylolysis? Oblique

49. Intervertebral discs are thickest in? Lumbar region.

50. Beheaded Scottish terrier sign is found in? Spondylolisthesis

51. Commonest area to be affected in spinal stenosis? Lumbar region (seen in achondroplasia)

52. Ivory dense vertebra is a feature of? Hodgkin's disease

53. Commonest site of chordoma? Sacral region (Clivus – 2nd most common)

54. Visualization of atlas vertebrae in difficult patients view preferred? Open mouth view

55. Vertical splitting of spinal cord? Diastematomyelia

56. Polydactyly Pre axial? Range from minor partial duplication of the thumb, distal phalanx to complete thumb duplication

57. Post axial? Range from a minor ossicle to complete duplication of the little finger

58. Syndactyly?Occurs in Apert syndrome, Fanconi'sanemia, Laurence-Moon- Biedl syndrome, trisomy 13 and trisomy 18

59. Most brain tumor’s in children are? Primary CNS tumors

60. Most brain tumors in adults are? Metastasis

61. Chronic Hemiparesis that evolves over months is usually due to – neoplasm, an unrupturedarteriovenous malformation? The initial diagnostic c test MRI

62. USG of skull is useful only in?Neonates and small infants (due to the presence of open fontanelle)

63. Dandy Walker Complex consists of? Cystic dilatation of 4th Ventricle Enlarged posterior Fossa Varying degrees of vermian aplasia or hypoplasia.

64. The most important CT finding in dysgenesis of corpus callosum?Interposition of third ventricle between lateral ventricles

65. The method of choice for demonstrating non communicating hydrocephalus? CT Scan

66. 'J' shaped sella is found in? Neurofibromatosis, mucopolysaccharidoses

67. Hydrocephalus with Chiari type-2 malformation has associated? Spina bifida and spinal dysraphism in virtually all cases

68. Premature closure of metopic suture causes? Trigonocephaly

69. Meningoencephalocele most often involves the? Occipital region

70. In childhood most of the non-communicating hydrocephalus cases are due to? Aqueduct stenosis

71. Plagiocephaly is due to premature closure of? Unilateral Coronal and Lambdoidsuture

72. Most characteristic of pulmonary oedema are? Septal lines at C-P angle (Kerley’s lines)

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